Loot

From Shotbow Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
This page contains changes which are not marked for translation.
Other languages:
Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Nederlands • ‎español • ‎français • ‎日本語

Loot chests spawn all over the world of MineZ and it is one its core mechanics. The loot is dependant on the type of chest and is completely randomized from the items inside. For example, a Pots Common will only spawn potions. You will never find a sword or arrows in a Pots Common chest.


Civilian Chests

Civilian Chests are found throughout the map. The contents of these chests can aid you in a variety of different ways, and are not combat related, but are instead used to help you overcome obstacles in your way. There are three types of civilian chests: Civilian Common, Civilian Tool and Tool South. Civilian Common chests contain items that are oriented around the general condition of the player (Support Kit, supplies, water bottles, milk) and are essential items to have. Civilian Tool chests contain tools that help you with the environment, such as buttons to open iron doors, and hoes to harvest food from farms. Tool South chests are the same as Civilian Tool chests but with 1 less arrow and without buttons.

Civ Common Tool South Civ Tool
Name Image Spawn Rate
Antibiotics File:lime_dye.png Common
Bandage File:paper.png Common
Bowl File:bowl.png Common
Glass Bottle File:empty_bottle.png Common
Healing Ointment File:red_dye.png Common
Support Kit File:shears.png Common
Antidote File:milk.png Uncommon
Beetroot File:beetroot.png Uncommon
Snowball File:snowball.png Uncommon
Aloe Vera File:orange_dye.png Rare
Apple File:apple.png Rare
Revitalizer File:yellow_dye.png Rare
Stimulant File:light_blue_dye.png Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
Arrow File:arrow.png Common
Fishing Rod File:fishing_rod.png Common
Iron Shovel File:iron_shovel.png Common
Stone Axe File:stone_axe.png Common
Wooden Hoe File:wooden_hoe.png Common
Bowl File:bowl.png Uncommon
Glass Bottle File:empty_bottle.png Uncommon
Cobweb File:cobweb.png Rare
Support Kit File:shears.png Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
2 Arrows File:arrow.png Common
Bowl File:bowl.png Common
Fishing Rod File:fishing_rod.png Common
Glass Bottle File:empty_bottle.png Common
Iron Shovel File:iron_shovel.png Common
Stone Axe File:stone_axe.png Common
Wooden Hoe File:wooden_hoe.png Common
Support Kit File:shears.png Uncommon
Cobweb File:cobweb.png Rare
Stone Button File:button.png Rare

Food Chests

Food chests comprise entirely of food. There are three tiers of food chests: Food Common, Food Uncommon and Food Rare. Food Common chests are found in abundance in Southern locations, and spawn basic food, whereas Food Uncommon is found primarily in the Mid-Map and Northern locations. Food Uncommon chests spawn medium tier foods more frequently, while also providing some of the crafting items needed to make cookies and mushroom stew. Food Rare chests generally spawn food with higher saturation, such as baked potatoes and pumpkin pies, as opposed to Food Common and Uncommon chests. However, there are only 9 of them on the map, as of the Origins Update of May 2020.

Food Common Food Uncommon Food Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
Apple File:apple.png Common
Carrot File:carrot.png Common
Melon File:melon.png Common
2 Beetroots File:beetroot.png Uncommon
Potato File:Potato.png Uncommon
Name Image Spawn Rate
Melon File:melon.png Common
Apple File:apple.png Uncommon
Brown Mushroom File:brown_mushroom.png Uncommon
Carrot File:carrot.png Uncommon
Cocoa Beans File:cocoa_beans.png Uncommon
Red Mushroom File:red_mushroom.png Uncommon
Wheat File:wheat.png Uncommon
Cake File:cake.png Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
Wheat File:wheat.png Common
Baked Potato File:Baked_potato.png Uncommon
Brown Mushroom File:brown_mushroom.png Uncommon
Cocoa Beans File:cocoa_beans.png Uncommon
Red Mushroom red_mushroom.png Uncommon
Pumpkin Pie File:pumpkin_pie.png Uncommon
Cake File:cake.png Rare

Potion Chests

Potion chests contain entirely potion loot. There are four tiers; Pot South which spawns almost entirely in Southern locations, Pot Common which spawns slightly north of the PvE line, Pots Uncommon which spawns in most locations, and Pots Rare which is a special high tier chest that spawns only in the North and out of the way locations. With each respective tier, the likelihood of getting higher tier potions also increases.

Pots South Pots Common Pots Uncommon Pots Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
Potion of Healing File:health_potion.png Common
Splash Potion of Healing File:splash_health.png Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
Potion of Healing File:health_potion.png Common
Potion of Healing II File:health_potion.png Uncommon
Splash Potion of Healing File:splash_health.png Rare
Splash Potion of Healing II File:splash_health.png Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
Potion of Healing File:health_potion.png Common
Potion of Healing II File:health_potion.png Common
Splash Potion of Healing File:splash_health.png Uncommon
Golden Apple File:gold_apple.png Rare
Lingering Potion of Healing File:linger_potion.png Rare
Splash Potion of Healing II File:splash_health.png Rare


Name Image Spawn Rate
Potion of Healing II File:health_potion.png Common
Splash Potion of Healing II File:splash_health.png Uncommon
Lingering Potion of Healing II File:linger_potion.png Rare
Glowstone Dust File:yellowDust.png Rare
Golden Apple File:gold_apple.png Rare
Speed II (30 seconds) File:speed_potion.gif Rare

Military Chests

Military chests contain armor and weapons. As you head North, the tier and quality of the chests increases; Mil Common and Uncommon found in primarily Southern regions of the map, and Mil Rares and Mil Epics found primarily in the Mid-Map and Northern regions of the map.

Mil Common Mil Uncommon Mil Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
1 Arrow File:arrow.png Common
Leather Cap File:leather_helmet.png Common
Leather Chestplate File:leather_chestplate.png Common
Leather Pants File:leather_leggings.png Common
Leather Boots File:leather_boots.png Common
Wooden Sword File:wooden_sword.png Common
Stone Axe File:stone_axe.png Uncommon
Bow File:bow.png Rare
Stone Sword File:stone_sword.png Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
2 Arrows File:arrow.png Common
Bow File:bow.png Common
Stone Axe (Smite I) File:enchanted_stone_axe.png Common
Stone Sword File:stone_sword.png Common
Studded Leather Cap File:Enchanted_Leather_Cap.png Common
Studded Leather Chestplate File:Enchanted_Leather_Chestplate.png Common
Studded Leather Pants File:Enchanted_Leather_Pants.png Common
Studded Leather Boots File:Enchanted_Leather_Boots.png Common
Chain Helmet File:chain_helmet.png Rare
Chain Chestplate File:chain_chestplate.png Rare
Chain Leggings File:chain_leggings.png Rare
Chain Boots File:chain_boots.png Rare
Stone Sword (Smite I) File:Enchanted_stone_sword.png Rare
Sugar File:sugar.png Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
3 Arrows File:arrow.png Common
Bow File:bow.png Common
Chain Helmet File:chain_helmet.png Common
Chain Chestplate File:chain_chestplate.png Common
Chain Leggings File:chain_leggings.png Common
Chain Boots File:chain_boots.png Common
Iron Axe File:iron_axe.png Common
Iron Sword File:iron_sword.png Common
Bow (Power I) File:enchanted_bow.png Uncommon
Iron Sword (Smite I) File:enchanted_sword.png Uncommon
Bow (Power I, Punch I) File:enchanted_bow.png Rare
Grenade File:ender_pearl.png Rare
Iron Sword (Smite I, Knockback I) File:enchanted_sword.png Rare
Pristine Chain Helmet File:Enchanted_Chain_Helmet.png Rare
Pristine Chain Chestplate File:Enchanted_Chain_Chestplate.png Rare
Pristine Chain Leggings File:Enchanted_Chain_Pants.png Rare
Pristine Chain Boots File:Enchanted_Chain_Boots.png Rare
Sugar File:sugar.png Rare
Weak Grapple (8 durability) File:fishing_rod.png Rare
Mil Epic Mil Mythic
Name Image Spawn Rate
5 Arrows File:arrow.png Common
Bow (Power I) File:enchanted_bow.png Common
Iron Axe File:iron_axe.png Common
Iron Sword (Smite II) File:enchanted_sword.png Common
Iron Sword (Smite II, Knockback I) File:enchanted_sword.png Common
Pristine Chain Helmet File:Enchanted_Chain_Helmet.png Common
Pristine Chain Chestplate File:Enchanted_Chain_Chestplate.png Common
Pristine Chain Leggings File:Enchanted_Chain_Pants.png Common
Pristine Chain Boots File:Enchanted_Chain_Boots.png Common
Bow (Power I, Punch I) File:enchanted_bow.png Uncommon
Bow (Power II) File:enchanted_bow.png Rare
Bow (Power II, Punch I) File:enchanted_bow.png Rare
Grenade File:ender_pearl.png Rare
Gunpowder File:gunpowder.png Rare
Iron Axe (Smite I) File:enchanted_iron_axe.png Rare
Iron Helmet File:iron_helmet.png Rare
Iron Chestplate File:iron_chestplate.png Rare
Iron Leggings File:iron_leggings.png Rare
Iron Boots File:iron_boots.png Rare
Sugar File:sugar.png Rare
Weak Grapple (8 durability) File:fishing_rod.png Rare
Weak Grapple (16 durability) File:fishing_rod.png Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
10 Arrows File:arrow.png Common
Diamond Axe (50 durability) File:diamond_axe.png Common
Iron Helmet File:iron_helmet.png Common
Iron Chestplate File:iron_chestplate.png Common
Iron Leggings File:iron_leggings.png Common
Iron Boots File:iron_boots.png Common
Iron Sword (Smite III) File:enchanted_sword.png Common
Bow (Power II) File:enchanted_bow.png Uncommon
Iron Sword (Smite III, Knockback I) File:enchanted_sword.png Uncommon
Bow (Power II, Punch I) File:enchanted_bow.png Rare
Grenade File:ender_pearl.png Rare
Gunpowder File:gunpowder.png Rare
Sugar File:sugar.png Rare
Weak Grapple (16 durability) File:fishing_rod.png Rare

Dungeon Chests

Dungeon chests spawn exclusively at the end of dungeons. These chests are sorted into tiers that determine the contents of the chest, and these tiers change depending on the difficulty of the dungeon. Dungeon T1 chests are found in low difficulty dungeons, Dungeon T3 chests are found in medium difficulty dungeons, and Dungeon T5 chests are exclusive to Elite and very difficult dungeons. Dungeon T6 chests, commonly referred to as "Mil Swag" chests, can only be found in Zerbia Depths.

Dungeon T1 Dungeon T2 Dungeon T3
Name Image Spawn Rate
3 Arrows File:arrow.png Common
Bow File:bow.png Common
Stone Axe File:stone_axe.png Common
Stone Sword File:stone_sword.png Common
Studded Leather Cap File:Enchanted_Leather_Cap.png Common
Studded Leather Chestplate File:Enchanted_Leather_Chestplate.png Common
Studded Leather Pants File:Enchanted_Leather_Pants.png Common
Studded Leather Boots File:Enchanted_Leather_Boots.png Common
Name Image Spawn Rate
5 Arrows File:arrow.png Common
Bow File:bow.png Common
Chain Helmet File:chain_helmet.png Common
Chain Chestplate File:chain_chestplate.png Common
Chain Leggings File:chain_leggings.png Common
Chain Boots File:chain_boots.png Common
Iron Sword File:iron_sword.png Common
Potion of Healing File:Health_potion.png Common
Stone Axe (Smite I) File:enchanted_stone_axe.png Common
Name Image Spawn Rate
7 Arrows File:arrow.png Common
Bow (Power I) File:enchanted_bow.png Common
Bow (Power I, Punch I) File:enchanted_bow.png Common
Iron Axe File:iron_axe.png Common
Iron Sword (Smite I) File:enchanted_sword.png Common
Iron Sword (Smite I, Knockback I) File:enchanted_sword.png Common
Potion of Healing File:Health_potion.png Common
Pristine Chain Helmet File:Enchanted_Chain_Helmet.png Common
Pristine Chain Chestplate File:Enchanted_Chain_Chestplate.png Common
Pristine Chain Leggings File:Enchanted_Chain_Pants.png Common
Pristine Chain Boots File:Enchanted_Chain_Boots.png Common
Splash Potion of Healing File:Splash_health.png Common
Dungeon T4 Dungeon T5 Dungeon T6
Name Image Spawn Rate
10 Arrows File:arrow.png Common
Bow (Power II) File:enchanted_bow.png Common
Bow (Power II, Punch I) File:enchanted_bow.png Common
Iron Axe (Smite I) File:enchanted_iron_axe.png Common
Iron Helmet File:iron_helmet.png Common
Iron Chestplate File:iron_chestplate.png Common
Iron Leggings File:iron_leggings.png Common
Iron Boots File:iron_boots.png Common
Iron Sword (Smite II) File:enchanted_sword.png Common
Iron Sword (Smite II, Knockback I) File:enchanted_sword.png Common
Golden Apple File:gold_apple.png Rare
Gunpowder File:gunpowder.png Rare
Potion of Healing II File:Health_potion.png Rare
Pumpkin Pie File:pumpkin_pie.png Rare
Splash Potion of Healing II File:Splash_health.png Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
15 Arrows File:arrow.png Common
Bow (Power II) File:enchanted_bow.png Common
Bow (Power II, Punch I) File:enchanted_bow.png Common
Diamond Axe File:diamond_axe.png Common
Iron Helmet File:iron_helmet.png Common
Iron Chestplate File:iron_chestplate.png Common
Iron Leggings File:iron_leggings.png Common
Iron Boots File:iron_boots.png Common
Iron Sword (Smite III) File:enchanted_sword.png Common
Iron Sword (Smite III, Knockback I) File:enchanted_sword.png Common
Glowstone File:YellowDust.png Rare
Golden Carrot File:golden_carrot.png Rare
Gunpowder File:gunpowder.png Rare
Lingering Potion of Healing II File:Linger_potion.png Rare
Potion of Healing II File:Health_potion.png Rare
Splash Potion of Healing II File:Splash_health.png Rare
Weak Grapple (16 durability) File:fishing_rod.png Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
Bow (Power II) File:enchanted_bow.png Common
Bow (Power II, Punch I) File:enchanted_bow.png Common
Glowstone File:YellowDust.png Common
Gunpowder File:gunpowder.png Common
Iron Sword (Smite III) File:enchanted_sword.png Common
Iron Sword (Smite III, Knockback I) File:enchanted_sword.png Common
Reinforced Iron Helmet File:iron_helmet_enchanted.png Common
Reinforced Iron Chestplate File:Enchanted_chestplate.png Common
Reinfoced Iron Leggings File:Enchanted_leggings.png Common
Reinforced Iron Boots File:Enchanted_boots.png Common

Spire Chests

Spire Chests are special chests that spawn at the top of each respected spire. Each of the four spires has its own special chest and special type of enchanted armor. Fire Protection from Fire Spire, Depth Strider from Water Spire, Respiration from Wind Spire, and Feather Falling from Earth Spire (Floating Islands). The more difficult the spire is to reach, the better the loot at each spire will be.

Fire Spire Water Spire
Name Image Spawn Rate
3 Arrows File:arrow.png Common
Bow File:bow.png Common
Old Gnawed Bone File:bone.png Common
Potion of Slowness File:slow_potion.png Common
Studded Leather Helmet File:Enchanted_Leather_Cap.png Common
Studded Leather Chestplate File:Enchanted_Leather_Chestplate.png Common
Studded Leather Pants File:Enchanted_Leather_Pants.png Common
Studded Leather Boots File:Enchanted_Leather_Boots.png Common
Stone Axe File:stone_axe.png Uncommon
Stone Sword (Smite I) File:Enchanted_stone_sword.png Uncommon
Baked Potato File:baked_potato.png Rare
Chain Helmet File:chain_helmet.png Rare
Chain Chestplate File:chain_chestplate.png Rare
Chain Leggings File:chain_leggings.png Rare
Chain Boots File:chain_boots.png Rare
Iron Chestplate (Fire Protection IV) File:enchanted_chestplate.png Rare
Iron Sword File:iron_sword.png Rare
Splash Potion of Slowness File:slow_splash2.png Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
5 Arrows File:arrow.png Common
Bow (Power I) File:enchanted_bow.png Common
Pristine Chain Helmet File:Enchanted_Chain_Helmet.png Common
Pristine Chain Chestplate File:Enchanted_Chain_Chestplate.png Common
Pristine Chain Leggings File:Enchanted_Chain_Pants.png Common
Pristine Chain Boots File:Enchanted_Chain_Boots.png Common
Water Bottle File:water_bottle.png Common
Bow (Power I, Punch I) File:enchanted_bow.png Uncommon
Iron Sword (Smite I) File:enchanted_sword.png Uncommon
Iron Sword (Smite I, Knockback I) File:enchanted_sword.png Uncommon
Raw Cod File:raw_fish.png Uncommon
Raw Salmon File:Raw_Salmon.png Uncommon
Golden Apple File:gold_apple.png Rare
Iron Helmet File:iron_helmet.png Rare
Iron Chestplate File:iron_chestplate.png Rare
Iron Leggings (Depth Strider I) File:enchanted_leggings.png Rare
Iron Boots File:iron_boots.png Rare
Iron Sword (Smite II) File:enchanted_sword.png Rare
Iron Sword (Smite II, Knockback I) File:enchanted_sword.png Rare
Earth Spire Wind Spire
Name Image Spawn Rate
10 Arrows File:arrow.png Common
Bow (Power II) File:enchanted_bow.png Common
Carrot File:carrot.png Common
Pristine Chain Helmet File:Enchanted_Chain_Helmet.png Common
Pristine Chain Chestplate File:Enchanted_Chain_Chestplate.png Common
Pristine Chain Leggings File:Enchanted_Chain_Pants.png Common
Pristine Chain Boots File:Enchanted_Chain_Boots.png Common
Bow (Power II, Punch I) File:enchanted_bow.png Uncommon
Grenade File:ender_pearl.png Uncommon
Iron Sword (Smite II) File:enchanted_sword.png Uncommon
Iron Sword (Smite II, Knockback I) File:enchanted_sword.png Uncommon
Glowstone File:YellowDust.png Rare
Iron Helmet File:iron_helmet.png Rare
Iron Chestplate File:iron_chestplate.png Rare
Iron Leggings File:iron_leggings.png Rare
Iron Boots (Feather Falling IV) File:enchanted_boots.png Rare
Iron Sword (Smite III) File:enchanted_sword.png Rare
Iron Sword (Smite III, Knockback I) File:enchanted_sword.png Rare
Splash Potion of Weakness File:weak_splash2.png Rare
Name Image Spawn Rate
8 Arrows File:arrow.png Common
Bow (Power I) File:enchanted_bow.png Common
Bow (Power I, Punch I) File:enchanted_bow.png Common
Iron Sword (Smite I) File:enchanted_sword.png Common
Iron Sword (Smite I, Knockback I) File:enchanted_sword.png Common
Pristine Chain Helmet File:Enchanted_Chain_Helmet.png Common
Pristine Chain Chestplate File:Enchanted_Chain_Chestplate.png Common
Pristine Chain Leggings File:Enchanted_Chain_Pants.png Common
Pristine Chain Boots File:Enchanted_Chain_Boots.png Common
Bow (Power II) File:enchanted_bow.png Uncommon
Iron Sword (Smite II) File:enchanted_sword.png Uncommon
Bow (Power II, Punch I) File:enchanted_bow.png Rare
Glowstone File:YellowDust.png Rare
Golden Apple File:gold_apple.png Rare
Grenade File:ender_pearl.png Rare
Iron Helmet File:iron_helmet_enchanted.png Rare
Iron Chestplate File:iron_chestplate.png Rare
Iron Leggings (Depth Strider I) File:enchanted_leggings.png Rare
Iron Boots File:iron_boots.png Rare
Iron Sword (Smite II, Knockback I) File:enchanted_sword.png Rare

Other

Grave Robbing loot consists of a variety of different loot, such as armor, weapons, and tools. Fishing can net you unique food and some military loot. Giants can drop special items and weapons upon death. Eillom Ale chests spawn exclusive Eillom Ale and are found only in the town of Eillom.

Grave Robbing Fishing
Name Image Spawn Rate
5 Arrows File:arrow.png Uncommon
Bow File:bow.png Rare
Wooden Sword File:wooden_sword.png Uncommon
Stone Sword File:stone_sword.png Uncommon
Iron Sword File:Iron_sword.png Rare
Leather Cap File:leather_helmet.png Uncommon
Leather Chestplate File:leather_chestplate.png Uncommon
Leather Pants File:leather_leggings.png Uncommon
Leather Boots File:leather_boots.png Uncommon
Chain Helmet File:chain_helmet.png Rare
Chain Chestplate File:chain_chestplate.png Rare
Chain Leggings File:chain_leggings.png Rare
Chain Boots File:chain_boots.png Rare
Bandage File:paper.png Uncommon
Support Kit File:shears.png Uncommon
Cobweb File:cobweb.png Uncommon
Glass Bottle File:empty_bottle.png Rare
Stone Button File:button.png Rare
Wooden Hoe File:wooden_hoe.png Uncommon
Bowl File:bowl.png Rare
Brown Mushroom File:brown_mushroom.png Uncommon
Red Mushroom File:red_mushroom.png Uncommon
Carrot File:carrot.png Rare
Beetroot File:beetroot.png Uncommon
Potato File:potato.png Uncommon
Poisonous Potato File:poison_potato.png Rare
Bone File:bone.png Uncommon
Rotten Flesh File:rotten_flesh.png Uncommon
Aloe Vera File:orange_dye.png Uncommon
Antibiotics File:lime_dye.png Uncommon
Healing Ointment File:red_dye.png Uncommon
Revitalizer File:yellow_dye.png Uncommon
Stimulant File:light_blue_dye.png Uncommon
Name Image Spawn Rate
Raw Cod File:raw_fish.png Rare
Clownfish File:clown_fish.png Rare
Pufferfish File:pufferfish.png Rare
Raw Salmon File:raw_salmon.png Rare
Bowl File:bowl.png Uncommon
Bone File:bone.png Uncommon
Rotten Flesh File:rotten_flesh.png Uncommon
Glass Bottle File:empty_bottle.png Uncommon
Water Bottle File:water_bottle.png Uncommon
Bow File:bow.png Uncommon
Leather Cap File:leather_helmet.png Uncommon
Leather Chestplate File:leather_chestplate.png Uncommon
Leather Pants File:leather_leggings.png Uncommon
Leather Boots File:leather_boots.png Uncommon
Fishing Rod (Lure I) File:fishing_rod.png Rare
Giant Drops Eillom Ale Chests
Name Image Spawn Rate
Diamond Sword File:diamond_sword.png Uncommon
Bow (Infinity I) File:enchanted_bow.png Uncommon
Golden Carrot File:golden_carrot.png Uncommon
Zombie Head File:zombie_head.png Very Rare
Rotten Flesh File:rotten_flesh.png Guarantee
Name Image Spawn Rate
Eillom Ale File:harm_potion.png Guarantee
Axis Mundi
Name Image Spawn Rate
Smite I Book File:enchanted_book.png Common
Smite I Knockback I Book File:enchanted_book.png Common
Smite II Book File:enchanted_book.png Common
Smite II Knockback I Book File:enchanted_book.png Common
Smite III Book File:enchanted_book.png Uncommon
Smite III Knockback I Book File:enchanted_book.png Uncommon
Smite IV Book File:enchanted_book.png Rare
Smite IV Knockback I Book File:enchanted_book.png Rare
Smite V Book File:enchanted_book.png Very Rare
Smite V Knockback I Book File:enchanted_book.png Very Rare
Sharpness I Book File:enchanted_book.png Common
Sharpness I Knockback I Book File:enchanted_book.png Common
Sharpness II Book File:enchanted_book.png Common
Sharpness II Knockback I Book File:enchanted_book.png Common
Sharpness III Book File:enchanted_book.png Uncommon
Sharpness III Knockback I Book File:enchanted_book.png Uncommon
Sharpness IV Book File:enchanted_book.png Rare
Sharpness IV Knockback I Book File:enchanted_book.png Rare
Sharpness V Book File:enchanted_book.png Rare
Sharpness V Knockback I Book File:enchanted_book.png Rare
Reinforceed Iron Helmet File:iron_helmet_enchanted.png Rare
Reinforced Iron Boots File:enchanted_boots.png Rare